The end of Jeremiah (52:1-34) and the end of 2 Kings (2 Kings 24:18-25:30) are almost word-for-word identical. Here is a comparison done with
wdiff. You can see that one of the very first differences is the question about the comma after Hamutal. This is not known as the comma jeremiahian, but it should be.
The part that is
crossed out is Jeremiah 52. The text in bold is 2 Kings 25.
twenty and one
years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was
the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
And he did that which was evil in the
of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.
For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah,
he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that
king of Babylon came,
and all his
against Jerusalem, and pitched against
built forts against it round about.
the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah.
in the fourth month, in on
the ninth day of the
month, fourth month
was sore prevailed
in the city,
so that and
there was no bread for the people of the land.
the city was broken up, and all the men of war
fled, and went forth out of the city fled
by night by the way of the gate between
two walls, which
by the king’s
the city round about:) and
they the king
the army of the
pursued after the king, and overtook
in the plains of
and all his army
scattered from him.
they took the king, and
the king of Babylon to
Riblah in the land of Hamath; where he Riblah; and they
gave judgment upon him.
the king of Babylon they
slew the sons of Zedekiah before his
eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah.
Then he eyes, and
put out the eyes of
the king of Babylon
in chains, with fetters of brass,
and carried him to
Babylon, and put him in prison till the day of his death.
in the fifth month,
day of the month, which
the nineteenth year of
Nebuchadrezzar king Nebuchadnezzar
king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard,
which served a servant of
the king of Babylon,
into Jerusalem, unto Jerusalem:
burned he burnt
the house of the LORD, and the king’s
and all the houses of Jerusalem, and
all the houses of the every
men, burned man’s house burnt
And all the army of the
that were with the captain of the guard, brake down
the walls of Jerusalem round about.
Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive certain of the poor of the people, and
of the people that
remained were left
in the city, and
those that fell away, the fugitives
that fell away
to the king of Babylon,
But multitude, did
Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carry away.
But the captain of the guard
of the poor of the land
for to be
the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, did
Chaldeans brake, Chaldees break in pieces,
the brass of them to Babylon.
The caldrons also,
And the pots,
and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the
bowls, and the
spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away.
basons, and the
firepans, and the bowls, and
the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups; that which was such things as were
in gold, and
that which was
the captain of the guard took
The two pillars, one sea, and
twelve brasen bulls that were under
Solomon had made
the house of the
the brass of all these vessels was without weight.
And concerning the pillars, the
height of the
one pillar was eighteen
cubits; and a fillet of twelve cubits did compass it; cubits,
thickness thereof was four fingers: it was hollow.
of brass was
it; it was brass:
and the height of
was five cubits, with network three cubits; and the wreathen work,
and pomegranates upon the
round about, all of
brass. The second pillar also brass:
the pomegranates were
And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; and all the pomegranates upon these had
network were an hundred round about. second pillar with wreathen work.
And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:
He took also
out of the city he took
eunuch, which had the charge of officer that was set over
the men of
men of them that were
which were found in the
and the principal scribe of the host,
mustered the people of the
and threescore men of the people of the
that were found in the
midst of the city.
captain of the guard took
and brought them to the king of Babylon to
And the king of Babylon smote them, and
to death in at
Riblah in the land of Hamath.
Judah was carried away
his own their
And as for
whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: that remained
seventh year three thousand Jews land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler.
And when all the captains of the armies, they
three their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah,
eighteenth year son
Nebuchadrezzar he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred thirty Careah,
three son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite,
twentieth year Jaazaniah the son
Nebuchadrezzar Nebuzaradan a Maachathite, they and their men.
And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, Fear not to be
guard carried away captive Chaldees: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon; and it shall be well with you.
But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son
of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and
seven hundred forty
five persons: all
persons Chaldees that
four thousand with him at Mizpah.
And all the people, both small
six hundred. great, and the captains of the armies, arose, and came to Egypt: for they were afraid of the Chaldees.
And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month,
and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the
of his that he began to
lifted did lift
up the head of Jehoiachin king of
Judah, and brought him forth Judah
him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in
And changed his prison garments: and he did
eat bread continually
before him all the days of his life.
diet, there allowance
was a continual
given him of the
king of Babylon, every day king,
portion until the day of his death, daily rate for every day,
all the days of his life.
There are a few implications about this:
- It can take a few days to get out of prison. They might even put you back by mistake.
- There’s more than one valid way to punctuate and translate the same text, say the translators of the King James Bible.
The code that did the comparison was this:
# j is the file containing the text from Jeremiah
# 2k is the file containing the text from 2 Kings
wdiff j 2k -w '<del>' -x '</del>' -y '<b>' -z '</b>'